Stages of Cancer

When doctors begin the process of tests and diagnosis for cancer in a patient, the first thing they need to find out is what type of cancer it is, and what stage the cancer is at. Cancer staging is a medical method of determining the size of the cancer, and how far it has spread in the rest of the body.


So here’s why finding out the different stages of cancer is essential to the treatment of a patient:

  1. Understanding the stages of cancer helps the doctor understand the speed of growth, and how the cancer or tumor is behaving.
  2. Knowing the stage of cancer enables a doctor to prescribe the correct treatment for it – ranging from chemotherapy, radiation, immunotherapy, surgery, or a combination of these.
  3. The results of a treatment can be partially compared to research studies.
  4. To understand the chances of survival.
  5. The patient or it’s family will be able to make a rough estimate of the costs and medical expenses for the treatment prescribed, in order to raise money for it.


While most of us would have heard of the standard classification of cancer stages 1,2, 3, or 4, based on the symptoms and initial diagnosis, there is in fact another way to classify it, called the TNM staging system. So let’s begin by understanding the standard staging system that uses numbers.


What is Stage 0 Cancer?

Stage 0, is also referred to as carcinoma in situ, and implies that there is a group of abnormal cells in the body that are not yet cancerous. However, these cells have the potential to become cancerous, if the necessary measures aren’t taken. Diagnosis of cancer at stage 0 is usually good news, as it can easily be treated with less aggressive or natural techniques, combined with steps to boost your immune system. Understanding the cause of cancer and addressing it at stage 0 can make the cancer reversible.


What is Stage 1 Cancer?

Among the ‘early stages’ of cancer, stage 1 is used to describe a cancerous tumor that exists, but only in a certain part, and has not travelled to other areas such as the blood stream. At this stage the cancer is relatively small and localized, and can be treated in that area itself.


What is Stage 2 Cancer?

At this stage, the cancer has not yet spread to other areas of the body, but is relatively large in size when compared to a tumor found in stage 1. Treatment at this stage depends on the size, as well as the type of cancer a person is suffering from.


What is Stage 3 Cancer?

Stage 3 is also referred to as ‘regional spread’. As the name suggests, the tumor at this stage has spread to the surrounding tissues, and has high chances of travelling even further. At this stage aggressive treatment is usually prescribed, along with taking measures to boost a person’s immune system that will fight the cancer cells, and stop them from moving to other parts.


What is Stage 4 Cancer?

Stage 4 is the most critical stage in the cycle of a sufferer. It implies that the cancer has spread significantly from where it started, and may have even affected other organs in the body. It is also known as ‘metastasis’, or ‘advanced’ cancer. Stage 4 of cancer is difficult to treat, and may involve a combination of aggressive treatments, that have an adverse effect on the overall health of a person.


Now to understand the second method of cancer staging called TNM, T stands for tumor, N stands for nodes, and M stands for metastasis.


T – Tumor

T refers to the size of the cancerous tumor, and the extent to which it has spread in the nearby tissue. The size of the tumor can be further described in 0, 1, 2, 3, 4, with 0 being the smallest size, and 4 being the largest.


N – Nodes

This stage determines the amount of lymph nodes that are present and have been affected by the cancer. This too can be further described in numbers, with 1 being few lymph nodes, and 3 being lots.


M – Metastasis

Metastasis refers to the extent the cancer has spread to, in other areas of the body, as well as affected other organs.


While this may not be a thorough or detailed medical explanation for cancer as it varies with each case, it is sufficient for the family of a sufferer to have a simple understanding of the disease. That said, if you, or anyone you know is fighting for their life with the disease, and is unable to get the right treatment due to shortage of funds, we urge you to help them out by starting a crowdfunding campaign with Impact Guru, and raising funds from your friends, family and strangers, for the treatment.


Do not give up. Fight Cancer with Impact Guru!

Types of Cancer Diseases

Over a period of time, our lifestyles have changed – right from the food we eat, to the products we use, our physical activities, and the things we are exposed to. While these changes may be drastically convenient, making our lives easier, they can also affect our overall health and immunity system. In India, there are nearly 8.8 lakh cancer related deaths expected by the year 2020. All of these cases cannot be attributed to our lifestyle change, but factors like increased exposure to pollution, smoking, and artificial foods, may be the causes of cancer in some cases.


Aside from taking precautions in our daily life, early diagnosis and treatments for cancer is vital to avoid cancer related deaths. Understanding the symptoms of cancer is beneficial for a sufferer who will be able to treat it in time, and prevent it from spreading. That said, it is also important to understand the different types of cancer that are becoming increasingly common, the different stages of it, and how it should be treated. Here we’ve listed out some of the different types of cancer most commonly found in cancer patients.


Lung Cancer

Cancer of the lungs is of two types – small cell lung cancer, and non small cell lung cancer. When healthy cells grow out of control, they develop a mass called tumor or nodule. Majority causes of lung cancer can be attributed to excessive smoking, symptoms of which show in the form of breathing difficulties.


Want to raise funds for your loved ones Lung Cancer treatment? Click here


Liver Cancer

Liver cancer can be primary or secondary. When the cancer begins from cells in the liver itself, it is categorized as primary. When the cancer is carried from another organ or vessel, its is called secondary, or liver metastasis. Hepatocellular is the most common type of liver cancer, affecting 30 out of one lakh people every year. Symptoms of liver cancer include unexplained weight loss, abdominal pain, or even jaundice.


Colorectal Cancer

The colon and the rectum are parts of the gastrointestinal digestive system. Colorectal cancers usually begin with the formation of a polyp on the lining of the colon of rectum. These polyps may or may not become cancerous over time. Treatment for it depends on the size and behaviour of the polyp, but surgery is the most common method of treating it.


Stomach Cancer

The occurrence of stomach cancer is due to the growth of cancerous cells in the lining of the stomach. In most cases, symptoms for it don’t show up until the later stages, and therefore it is much more difficult to treat it. It is common among those who eat a lot of salty or processed food, consume excessive alcohol, or eat too much meat and exercise very little.


Raise funds for stomach cancer treatment today!


Breast Cancer

Breast cancer is the most common cause of death (18.2 % cancer related deaths) among women worldwide. It has been found that breast cancer is a much higher occurrence in developed countries. It is the formation of lobules in the milk ducts of a woman’s breasts. The symptoms are formation of lumps in the breasts. It is beneficial to conduct regular self examinations to check for lumps and bumps that may become cancerous.


Choose hope… Fundraise for your breast cancer treatment!


Kidney Cancer

Kidney cancer is also known as renal cancer, and is caused by the uncontrolled growth of cancerous cells in a person’s kidneys. The good news is that kidney cancer is usually diagnosed in it’s earlier stages, which makes it easier to treat. In severe cases, a patient may require a kidney transplant to survive.


Blood Cancer

There are many types of blood cancer such as leukemia, lymphoma, myeloma. Leukemia is the growth of cancer cells usually in the bone marrow, which affects the ability to produce blood. Cancer that develops in the lymphs (a type of white blood cells that maintains immunity) is called lymphoma. Myeloma is a type of blood cancer that begins in the plasma cells. The symptoms present themselves in the form of extreme fatigue, loss of appetite, or nausea, among others.  


Click here to read about how Guru raised funds to treat Blood Cancer.


Cancer is an unpredictable disease that can affect anyone, but when diagnosed early, it can also be treated successfully. More importantly, most of these treatments can be financially draining for a sufferer or the family. If you, or anyone you know is suffering from cancer and is in need of funds, please have a look at how you can raise funds for your cancer treatment.


You can help your loved one by starting a crowdfunding campaign on Impact Guru to mobilize family, friends, survivors, and even strangers, through social media, to make a small contribution towards their treatment fund, and save their life.


Don’t give up! Fight cancer with Impact Guru.


Strategic Philanthropy: The new game-changer in the world of Giving

4% of the world’s billionaire are of Indian origin. In comparison to most developing countries, philanthropy in India has grown a lot in the recent years. No longer are we caught in the stereotype that the Indian population is engaged in philanthropy and giving, but only when it comes to temples and religious institutions. In the recent years, it has been observed that India’s younger generation has created a new wave of social responsibility in giving. As the Indian economy is growing with the spending capacity of people increasing, the individualistic mindset of people is also undergoing a change. Such a change in thought isn’t just limited to individuals and groups, but also corporate, who have recognized the benefits of what has been termed as – ‘strategic giving’.


Let’s begin by understanding what strategic giving really is. No, it isn’t just an annual CSR activity where you sign a grant cheque for a non profit, and in turn gain some goodwill. The relationship between a corporate and a nonprofit is much more nuanced, in a way that ensures both are equal beneficiaries of the partnership. This means companies ensure that their charitable giving activities are targeted towards a certain issue that will support their own business objectives. For that, companies need a pre-determined strategy that includes, goals, budgets, investments, and long-term giving objectives. That said, strategic giving can be narrowed down by certain criteria that define its underlying logic.


  • Fundraising activities are chosen based on pragmatic rationale, as opposed to emotion.
  • A company’s fundraiser will have a common area of focus, one that aligns to its value objectives.
  • A strategic giver aims to give larger donations, but to fewer causes.
  • Strategic giving isn’t just about money, but also about volunteering, collaboration, and activating personal networks.


Contemporary philanthropy has taken many different forms. With technology and digitization playing a major role in our lives, the newer generation is leaning towards online giving through online donations. One simply has to choose an online crowdfunding platform and set up a campaign for the cause. Especially with the impact of demonetization on our economy, crowdfunding in India is picking up pace quickly. All of these factors, among others, need to be taken into consideration before creating a concrete plan of strategic giving for an organization. Besides, it’s not enough to just have an initial plan, such a form of philanthropy is an ongoing process that requires timely monitoring and evaluation. To provide deeper insight into such a process, we’ve listed out the elements that one should consider before developing a plan of strategic philanthropy.


The fundamental reason for giving

Define your aspirations. The underlying theme of any philanthropic activity needs to be to create an impact and bring a change. If you are able to understand the purpose you want to achieve through your charitable deeds and donations, then you’ll have more clarity on how to go about it. The best way to figure this one out is by imagining the outcome you would like to see from your efforts. When you know which cause matter to you most, you’ll be able to carefully select a few organizations to support.


How you’ll go about it

Consolidate all the resources you are putting in. This means you need to determine your financial resources available for donations, your team that will be involved, volunteer work, and the time you can dedicate to the project.


The channels through which you will give

Determining a tangible way to donate, one that best suits your organization is an important element of strategic giving. With the development of concepts like crowdfunding, most people are opting for online giving. Also remember that money isn’t everything. You can add value, through personal resources, personal networks, communication assistance, etc.


The time frame

How far ahead are you willing to commit? In most cases, strategic giving involves a long-term relationship, wherein the nonprofit and the company are dependent on each other in equal parts. Having long-term plans allow financial stability to a nonprofit. However, the time frame depends entirely on a company’s business forecast.


Strategic philanthropists are most successful when their charitable giving reflects the vision and mission of their own businesses. The reason is that donating to an organization doesn’t just mean giving a donation, but it means that you have aligned yourself with their cause. Therefore it is vital to pick organizations that you are comfortable being associated with for a long time. Going further beyond, organizations should aim to leave a legacy with their philanthropic strategy. Take the example of the TATA group, that is known and honored for their contribution in the charitable sector. With regards to philanthropy in India, the TATA group formed one of the largest trusts that has fueled innumerable development projects in the country.


Strategic giving make a difference not only in how you are viewed, but also in increasing business opportunities, drawing in employees, as well as in providing a meaningful way to express one’s personal philosophies. Now, more than ever, corporates are in the midst of a culture that propagates social responsibility. With an array of options such as online fundraising and crowdfunding, corporates have the chance to grow their philanthropic portfolio and make it as comprehensive as possible. Implementing a strong strategy for giving is the best way to do well in your own ventures, as well as to make a difference in society.


Craft your strategy to change lives today!