Over a period of time, our lifestyles have changed – right from the food we eat, to the products we use, our physical activities, and the things we are exposed to. While these changes may be drastically convenient, making our lives easier, they can also affect our overall health and immunity system. In India, there are nearly 8.8 lakh cancer related deaths expected by the year 2020. All of these cases cannot be attributed to our lifestyle change, but factors like increased exposure to pollution, smoking, and artificial foods, may be the causes of cancer in some cases.
Aside from taking precautions in our daily life, early diagnosis and treatments for cancer is vital to avoid cancer related deaths. Understanding the symptoms of cancer is beneficial for a sufferer who will be able to treat it in time, and prevent it from spreading. That said, it is also important to understand the different types of cancer that are becoming increasingly common, the different stages of it, and how it should be treated. Here we’ve listed out some of the different types of cancer most commonly found in cancer patients.
Cancer of the lungs is of two types – small cell lung cancer, and non small cell lung cancer. When healthy cells grow out of control, they develop a mass called tumor or nodule. Majority causes of lung cancer can be attributed to excessive smoking, symptoms of which show in the form of breathing difficulties.
Liver cancer can be primary or secondary. When the cancer begins from cells in the liver itself, it is categorized as primary. When the cancer is carried from another organ or vessel, its is called secondary, or liver metastasis. Hepatocellular is the most common type of liver cancer, affecting 30 out of one lakh people every year. Symptoms of liver cancer include unexplained weight loss, abdominal pain, or even jaundice.
The colon and the rectum are parts of the gastrointestinal digestive system. Colorectal cancers usually begin with the formation of a polyp on the lining of the colon of rectum. These polyps may or may not become cancerous over time. Treatment for it depends on the size and behaviour of the polyp, but surgery is the most common method of treating it.
The occurrence of stomach cancer is due to the growth of cancerous cells in the lining of the stomach. In most cases, symptoms for it don’t show up until the later stages, and therefore it is much more difficult to treat it. It is common among those who eat a lot of salty or processed food, consume excessive alcohol, or eat too much meat and exercise very little.
Breast cancer is the most common cause of death (18.2 % cancer related deaths) among women worldwide. It has been found that breast cancer is a much higher occurrence in developed countries. It is the formation of lobules in the milk ducts of a woman’s breasts. The symptoms are formation of lumps in the breasts. It is beneficial to conduct regular self examinations to check for lumps and bumps that may become cancerous.
Kidney cancer is also known as renal cancer, and is caused by the uncontrolled growth of cancerous cells in a person’s kidneys. The good news is that kidney cancer is usually diagnosed in it’s earlier stages, which makes it easier to treat. In severe cases, a patient may require a kidney transplant to survive.
There are many types of blood cancer such as leukemia, lymphoma, myeloma. Leukemia is the growth of cancer cells usually in the bone marrow, which affects the ability to produce blood. Cancer that develops in the lymphs (a type of white blood cells that maintains immunity) is called lymphoma. Myeloma is a type of blood cancer that begins in the plasma cells. The symptoms present themselves in the form of extreme fatigue, loss of appetite, or nausea, among others.
Cancer is an unpredictable disease that can affect anyone, but when diagnosed early, it can also be treated successfully. More importantly, most of these treatments can be financially draining for a sufferer or the family. If you, or anyone you know is suffering from cancer and is in need of funds, please have a look at how you can raise funds for your cancer treatment.
You can help your loved one by starting a crowdfunding campaign on Impact Guru to mobilize family, friends, survivors, and even strangers, through social media, to make a small contribution towards their treatment fund, and save their life.